Nucletron – Radiological Needlework #SWI2006
Nucletron is a high-tech, international company, that specializes in equipment for medical diagnostics.
To treat prostate cancer with radiological techniques, the prostate is perforated with a number of needles. Before the radiological treatment may start, the exact positions of these needles must be known. To detect these positions, an ultra-sound sensor is used. This sensor approaches the prostate via the rectum. Because of the geometry, the sensor cannot move around the prostate. This implies that horizontal slices of the prostate are scanned in only one direction.
The ultrasound waves (wavelength about 0.5 mm) are scattered by the needles (of radius about 1 mm) and this scattering blurs the measurements. For example, if the position of one needle is in the ‘shadow’ of a neighbouring one, its exact position is hard to detect.
Question: Develop a method to reconstruct the needle positions from the ultrasound measurements.
– The needles are a bit flexible and may bend.
– The part of a needle entering the prostate may vary from needle to needle.
– Also plastic needles are used. They give rise to less scattering